Determining the Optimal Adjuvant Therapy for Improving Survival in Elderly Patients with Glioblastoma: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

Farshad Nassiri, Shervin Taslimi, Justin Z. Wang, Jetan H. Badhiwala, Tatyana Dalcourt, Nazanin Ijad, Neda Pirouzmand, Saleh Almenawer, Roger Stupp, Gelareh Zadeh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Older patients with glioblastoma (GBM) are underrepresented in clinical trials. Several abbreviated and standard chemoradiotherapy regimens are advocated with no consensus on the optimal approach. Our objective was to quantitatively evaluate which of these regimens would provide the most favorable survival outcomes in older patients with GBM using a network metaanalysis. Experimental Design: MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library were searched. Patients >60 years of age with histologically confirmed GBM were included. Primary outcome of interest was the pooled HR from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Secondary outcomes of interest included pooled HR from studies controlling for MGMT promoter methylation status, and safety. Results: Fourteen studies, including 5 RCTs, reporting 4,561 patients were included. Using highest quality data from RCTs, our network-based approach demonstrated that standard radiotherapy (SRT) and temozolomide (TMZ) provided similar survival benefit when compared with hypofractionated radiotherapy (HRT) and TMZ [HR = 0.90; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.43–1.87], TMZ alone (HR 1.25; 95% CI, 0.69–2.26), HRT alone (HR = 1.34; 95% CI, 0.73–2.45), or SRT alone (HR = 1.43; 95% CI, 0.87–2.36). HRT-TMZ had the highest probability (85%) of improving survival in older patients with GBM followed by SRT-TMZ (72%). Pooled analysis of trials controlling for MGMT promoter methylation status demonstrated that TMZ monotherapy confers similar survival benefit to combined chemoradiotherapy. Conclusions: Statistical comparisons using a network approach demonstrates that the common treatment regimens for older patients with GBM in previous RCTs confer similar survival benefits. Adjustments for MGMT promoter methylation status demonstrated that radiotherapy alone was inferior to TMZ-based approaches. Head-to-head comparison of TMZ monotherapy to combined TMZ and radiation is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2664-2672
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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