We demonstrate that secure multi-party computation (MPC) using garbled circuits is viable technology for solving clinical use cases that require cross-institution data exchange and collaboration. We describe two MPC protocols, based on Yao's garbled circuits and tested using large and realistically synthesized datasets. Linking records using private set intersection (PSI), we compute two metrics often used in patient risk stratification: high utilizer identification (PSI-HU) and comorbidity index calculation (PSI-CI). Cuckoo hashing enables our protocols to achieve extremely fast run times, with answers to clinically meaningful questions produced in minutes instead of hours. Also, our protocols are provably secure against any computationally bounded adversary in a semi-honest setting, the de-facto mode for cross-institution data analytics. Finally, these protocols eliminate the need for an implicitly trusted third-party "honest broker" to mediate the information linkage and exchange.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium|
|State||Published - 2021|
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