Development and Evaluation of an Enhanced Recovery Protocol to Reduce Length of Stay following Elective Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Alexandra O. Polovneff, Ayokunle S. Olowofela, Peter J. Rossi, Joseph P. Hart, Michael J. Malinowski, Brian D. Lewis, Kellie R. Brown, Neel A. Mansukhani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Elective endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) can be performed safely with a short postoperative length of stay (LOS). We aimed to develop and assess the impact of an enhanced recovery protocol (ERP) on LOS after elective EVAR. Methods: Pre-ERP development single center retrospective review of elective EVAR procedures from January 2012 to December 2019. ERP was developed by targeting factors associated with prolonged LOS (>2 days) elucidated from semistructured interviews and Bayesian additive regression tree analysis. Post-ERP development, a subsequent retrospective review of elective EVAR performed from January 2018 to June 2021 was performed to evaluate LOS before and after ERP. Primary outcome was LOS. Results: Two hundred sixteen patients underwent elective infrarenal EVAR from 2012 to 2019. Periprocedural factors identified as associated with LOS >2 days included noncommercial insurance (43.6% vs. 26.5%; P = 0.01), preoperative anemia (hemoglobin 12.56 g/dL vs. 13.57 g/dL; P = 0.001), worse renal function (creatinine 1.31 mg/dL vs. 1.01/dL; P = 0.004), open femoral access (74.4% vs. 26.5%; P < 0.001), intensive care unit (ICU) stay (2.7 days vs. 0.9 days; P < 0.001), postoperative anemia (9.8 g/dL vs. 11.9 g/dL; P < 0.001), postoperative creatinine (1.55 mg/dL vs. 0.97 mg/dL; P < 0.001), and beta blocker need on discharge (45.5% vs. 25%; P = 0.003) as significant between patients with short and prolonged LOS groups. Semistructured interviews revealed postoperative day 1 complete blood count/chemistry, postoperative physical therapy evaluation, ICU admission, urinary retention, patient expectations, and unavailability of transportation home as modifiable factors that delayed early discharge. A 14-component ERP was created to target the factors identified from combined qualitative and quantitative results. Post-ERP development, 74 elective EVAR patients were reviewed from 2018 to 2021 (37 pre-ERP and 37 post-ERP). Following ERP development, the mean LOS was reduced from 2.6 (standard deviation: 1.9) to 1.3 days (standard deviation: 1.3); P < 0.01. There were no significant differences in 30-day readmission, postoperative complications, emergency room visits, or 90-day mortality before and after the ERP was used. Conclusions: Practice and procedural factors can be modified through an informed and safe process to reduce LOS after elective EVAR. LOS following elective EVAR was safely reduced following the use of a systematically developed ERP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of vascular surgery
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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