Background: Elective endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) can be performed safely with a short postoperative length of stay (LOS). We aimed to develop and assess the impact of an enhanced recovery protocol (ERP) on LOS after elective EVAR. Methods: Pre-ERP development single center retrospective review of elective EVAR procedures from January 2012 to December 2019. ERP was developed by targeting factors associated with prolonged LOS (>2 days) elucidated from semistructured interviews and Bayesian additive regression tree analysis. Post-ERP development, a subsequent retrospective review of elective EVAR performed from January 2018 to June 2021 was performed to evaluate LOS before and after ERP. Primary outcome was LOS. Results: Two hundred sixteen patients underwent elective infrarenal EVAR from 2012 to 2019. Periprocedural factors identified as associated with LOS >2 days included noncommercial insurance (43.6% vs. 26.5%; P = 0.01), preoperative anemia (hemoglobin 12.56 g/dL vs. 13.57 g/dL; P = 0.001), worse renal function (creatinine 1.31 mg/dL vs. 1.01/dL; P = 0.004), open femoral access (74.4% vs. 26.5%; P < 0.001), intensive care unit (ICU) stay (2.7 days vs. 0.9 days; P < 0.001), postoperative anemia (9.8 g/dL vs. 11.9 g/dL; P < 0.001), postoperative creatinine (1.55 mg/dL vs. 0.97 mg/dL; P < 0.001), and beta blocker need on discharge (45.5% vs. 25%; P = 0.003) as significant between patients with short and prolonged LOS groups. Semistructured interviews revealed postoperative day 1 complete blood count/chemistry, postoperative physical therapy evaluation, ICU admission, urinary retention, patient expectations, and unavailability of transportation home as modifiable factors that delayed early discharge. A 14-component ERP was created to target the factors identified from combined qualitative and quantitative results. Post-ERP development, 74 elective EVAR patients were reviewed from 2018 to 2021 (37 pre-ERP and 37 post-ERP). Following ERP development, the mean LOS was reduced from 2.6 (standard deviation: 1.9) to 1.3 days (standard deviation: 1.3); P < 0.01. There were no significant differences in 30-day readmission, postoperative complications, emergency room visits, or 90-day mortality before and after the ERP was used. Conclusions: Practice and procedural factors can be modified through an informed and safe process to reduce LOS after elective EVAR. LOS following elective EVAR was safely reduced following the use of a systematically developed ERP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine