Development and evolution of nanostructure in bulk thermoelectric Pb-Te-Sb alloys

Teruyuki Ikeda*, Vilupanur A. Ravi, Lauren A. Collins, Sossina M. Haile, G. Jeffrey Snyder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Motivated by reports of exceptionally high zT > 2 in thin film superlattices or "quantum well" materials with nanometer sized features, we have undertaken a study of composite materials with nanoscale features that promise to provide similar structures in bulk material. Nanometer scale layers of PbTe and Sb 2Te 3 with periodicities of 180 nm to 950 nm form when quenched eutectic PbTe-Sb 2Te 3 melt, crystallizing as Pb 2Sb 6Te 11, subsequently annealed. The lamellar spacing depends on the temperature and time of the anneal. The mechanism for the development of the nanostructures is probed by examining the fraction of material transformed as a function of anneal time. Preliminary analysis of the shape factor exponent reveals that the transformation to the nanostructured lamellae bears similarities to the thickening of very large plates. The coarsening of the lamellar spacing is also examined as a function of time and temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-720
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • Coarsening
  • Fraction transformed
  • Lamellar spacing
  • Thermoelectric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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