Development and Implementation of a Novel Curriculum for Emergent Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease

Kali Hopkins*, Candace Mannarino, Mark Adler, Sami Chaouki, Lisa Forbess, Michael Carr, Mary E. McBride

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The number of adults with congenital heart disease is rapidly increasing, resulting in more emergency care needs of this unique population. Concomitantly, the number of physicians trained in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) care is insufficient, leading to physicians with limited experience assuming primary responsibility for the management of acute illness. We developed a simulation-based curriculum consisting of three cases and linked assessment instruments for fellows in multiple training programs to enhance their experience in this growing field. A 40-min asynchronous didactic presentation on ACHD emergencies was provided between pretests and posttests. Each participant was given checklist, global, and timeliness scores, and a second rater scored a subset to assess inter-rater reliability. Twenty-two participants across multiple disciplines completed the study. Our results demonstrate a significant and meaningful improvement in checklist scores, as well as a significant improvement in the secondary measures of global and efficiency performance from the first simulation to the second. Comfort levels for trainees improved significantly on post-test surveys. Inter-rater reliability was greater than 0.6 for all assessments. In conclusion, our novel simulation-based educational curriculum improved trainee performance in managing emergencies in adults with congenital heart disease, and we provide validity evidence for use of our checklist in training fellows for formative feedback.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)656-662
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • Adult congenital heart disease
  • Cardiology education
  • Medical education
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Development and Implementation of a Novel Curriculum for Emergent Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this