Development and Preliminary Validity Study of a Modified Version of the Upper Extremity Fugl-Meyer Assessment for Use in Telerehabilitation

Carolina Carmona*, Jane E. Sullivan, Riegele Arceo, Justin Drogos, Sofie Besser, Susana Gutierrez, Zineyra Jeteric, James Wyman, Jun Yao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background/Purpose: The Upper Extremity Fugl-Meyer Assessment (UEFMA, maximum 66) is widely used in clinics and research studies to examine poststroke upper extremity (UE) impairment. This study aimed to develop and provide pilot data to support the validity of a remote version of the UEFMA to examine UE impairment after stroke through telerehabilitation. Methods: Team members developed a remote version of the UEFMA for telerehabilitation (tUEFMA, maximum 44) using subscales II to IV and VII of the UEFMA. Twenty-two participants with moderate to severe arm impairment (UEFMA, median = 19) and chronic stroke (>1 year post) were evaluated using the UEFMA (face-to-face) and the tUEFMA (remotely). A prediction equation was used to identify the function to predict the UEFMA based on the tUEFMA. Intraclass correlation (ICC) was used to test the absolute agreement between the subscales included in the UEFMA and the tUEFMA, and between their 2 normalized total scores. Results: A strong and significant agreement was found between the total scores of the UEFMA and the projected value based on the tUEFMA (ICC = 0.79, P < 0.05). The ICC test also reported a good agreement in subscales II to IV and a poor agreement in subscale VII between the UEFMA and the tUEFMA using a real-time video link. Discussion and Conclusions: The study findings suggest that the tUEFMA is a promising tool to remotely examine UE impairment in individuals with chronic stroke and moderate to severe arm impairment. Future research should evaluate additional psychometric properties and clinical utility of the tUEFMA across stroke participants with a broad range of arm impairments. Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at:

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-216
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurologic Physical Therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023


  • Fugl-Meyer Assessment
  • outcome measures
  • stroke
  • telehealth
  • telerehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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