Development and testing of an iOS waiting room "app" for contraceptive counseling in a Title X family planning clinic

Melissa L. Gilliam*, Summer L. Martins, Emily Bartlett, Stephanie Q. Mistretta, Jane L. Holl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Objective Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods, such as the intrauterine device and implant, are highly effective but used by less than 10% of US women. The objective of our study was to improve LARC interest by enhancing clinic counseling. Study Design A quality improvement methodology was used to evaluate intrauterine device service delivery in 3 Chicago Title X clinics. To address identified barriers, we developed a theory-based iOS application (app) for patients to use in the clinic waiting room using human-centered design. The final prototype was tested in a randomized controlled trial in a Title X clinic with sexually active females (79% African American) under age 30 years. Our sample of 60 was chosen to detect an increase from 10% (baseline) to 45% (app intervention) in the proportion of patients expressing interest in discussing a LARC method during their clinic visit with 80% power and two-sided α = 0.05. After completing demographic and baseline knowledge questionnaires, participants were randomized 1:1 to intervention (app) or standard care arms. App users also completed a posttest. Our primary outcome was expressed interest in discussing a LARC method during the clinic visit. Secondary outcomes were contraceptive knowledge and LARC selection. Results App testers (n = 17) preferred interactive, visually appealing design and video testimonials. In the pilot randomized controlled trial (n = 52), app users had a significantly higher knowledge of contraceptive effectiveness (P =.0001) and increased interest in the implant (7.1-32.1%, P =.02) after the intervention. Users were highly satisfied with the app. Staff reported no problems using the app in the clinic. Conclusion Use of a theory-based counseling app offers a novel method to optimize wait time while minimizing clinic flow disruption. Preliminary data demonstrate that app use was associated with improvements in patients' contraceptive knowledge and interest in the implant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481.e1-481.e8
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014


  • African American
  • contraception
  • counseling
  • intrauterine device
  • technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Development and testing of an iOS waiting room "app" for contraceptive counseling in a Title X family planning clinic'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this