Development and validation of the male body talk scale: A psychometric investigation

Michael R. Sladek*, Renee Engeln, Steven A. Miller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper details the development of the Male Body Talk (MBT) scale and five studies supporting the psychometric soundness of scores on this new measure. Participants were 18-65-year-old men recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk, introductory psychology courses, and snowball sampling. The MBT scale assesses the frequency with which men engage in negatively valenced body-related conversations with others. Two subscales were identified through a combination of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The Muscle Talk subscale assesses men's tendency to express concerns regarding degree of muscularity and being too small. The Fat Talk subscale assesses men's tendency to express concerns regarding level of body fat and being overweight. Scores on the MBT scale demonstrated strong internal consistency and moderate test-retest reliability. Evidence of convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of scores on the MBT scale is presented. This new measure is a useful tool for examining how often men engage in negative body talk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-244
Number of pages12
JournalBody Image
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Body image
  • Body talk
  • Measurement
  • Men
  • Muscularity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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