Development of a decision support tool to prevent community acquired pressure injuries for use in the spinal cord injury clinic using the delphi technique

Lisa Burkhart*, Sameer Siddiqui, Autumn Smith, Michael Richardson, Karin Zachow, Walter Chua, Frances M. Weaver, Lisa Skemp, Amy Kiefer, Sherri L. LaVela, Barbara Bates-Jensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study design: Delphi Technique. Objectives: Describe the development of a decision support tool to prevent community-acquired pressure injuries (CAPrIs) in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) for use in SCI clinics, called the Community-Acquired Pressure Injury Prevention-Field Implementation Tool (CAPP-FIT). Setting: Veteran Health Administration Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Methods: Concept mapping of current pressure injury (PrI) guidelines and qualitative research describing risks, actions, and resources needed to prevent CAPrIs associated with SCI were used to develop 40 veteran checklist items (Items) along with 37 associated provider actions (Actions) for the tool. The Delphi technique was used to refine Items and Actions with a panel of interprofessional SCI providers (n = 15), veterans with SCI (n = 4), and caregivers (n = 3) to determine consensus on a 4-point Likert scale (strongly agree–strongly disagree) for each Item and Action. A 75% agreement was set for responses rated as strongly agree or agree. Results: Panelists were 60% female, 62% White, 33% veterans with SCI or caregivers, 33% wound care certified with a mean age of 59 years. Two survey rounds were required for consensus for 41 Item and 38 Action CAPP-FIT. Response rate was 95% for both rounds. Delphi round 1 showed all but two Actions affirming agreement above 75%. Substantive comments from panelists required revision to 5 Items and 9 Actions and one additional Item/Actions related to coping, meeting threshold percent agreement in Round 2. Conclusions: The CAPP-FIT could become a useful tool for Veterans living with SCI, caregivers, and SCI providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-683
Number of pages17
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Rehabilitation

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