The CD40 ligand expressed on activated T cells plays a pivotal role in B cell proliferation and differentiation. Mutations in the CD40 ligand gene, which alter its expression on the surface of activated T cells, are associated with the X-linked form of Hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIM). A rapid and simple, three-color whole blood flow cytometry procedure was developed for maximal expression and detection of the CD40L on the surface of in vitro activated CD4+ T cells. Approximately 90% of in vitro activated CD4+ T cells obtained from healthy controls expressed the CD40L compared to only 5% of in vitro activated CD4+ T cells obtained from the XHIM patients. The CD40L was expressed on approximately 50% of the in vitro activated CD4+ T cells obtained from the mothers of XHIM patients, consistent with a diagnosis of their carrier status. This is the first report of a whole blood procedure adapted for routine clinical use which is able to detect abnormal CD40L expression in XHIM patients and carriers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine