Development of high-repetition-rate laser pump/x-ray probe methodologies for synchrotron facilities

Anne Marie March*, Andrew Stickrath, Gilles Doumy, Elliot P. Kanter, Bertold Krässig, Stephen H. Southworth, Klaus Attenkofer, Charles A. Kurtz, Lin X Chen, Linda Young

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe our implementation of a high repetition rate (54 kHz-6.5 MHz), high power (>10 W), laser system at the 7ID beamline at the Advanced Photon Source for laser pump/x-ray probe studies of optically driven molecular processes. Laser pulses at 1.06 μm wavelength and variable duration (10 or 130 ps) are synchronized to the storage ring rf signal to a precision of ∼250 fs rms. Frequency doubling and tripling of the laser radiation using nonlinear optical techniques have been applied to generate 532 and 355 nm light. We demonstrate that by combining a microfocused x-ray probe with focused optical laser radiation the requisite fluence (with <10 μJ/pulse) for efficient optical excitation can be readily achieved with a compact and commercial laser system at megahertz repetition rates. We present results showing the time-evolution of near-edge x-ray spectra of a well-studied, laser-excited metalloporphyrin, Ni(II)-tetramesitylporphyrin. The use of high repetition rate, short pulse lasers as pump sources will dramatically enhance the duty cycle and efficiency in data acquisition and hence capabilities for laser-pump/x-ray probe studies of ultrafast structural dynamics at synchrotron sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number073110
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume82
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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