Development, Reporting, and Evaluation of Clinical Practice Guidelines

Honorio T. Benzon*, Girish P. Joshi, Tong J. Gan, Thomas R. Vetter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Clinical practice parameters have been published with greater frequency by professional societies and groups of experts. These publications run the gamut of practice standards, practice guidelines, consensus statements or practice advisories, position statements, and practice alerts. The definitions of these terms have been clarified in an accompanying article. In this article, we present the criteria for high-quality clinical practice parameters and outline a process for developing them, specifically the Delphi method, which is increasingly being used to build consensus among content experts and stakeholders. Several tools for grading the level of evidence and strength of recommendation are offered and compared. The speciousness of categorizing guidelines as evidence-based or consensus-based will be explained. We examine the recommended checklist for reporting and appraise the tools for evaluating a practice guideline. This article is geared toward developers and reviewers of clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1771-1777
Number of pages7
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Development, Reporting, and Evaluation of Clinical Practice Guidelines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this