Recent growth in neuroscience research demonstrates that neuroimaging is a valuable tool for examining neurobiological processes in different cultures. However, little attention has been paid to the neurobiological developmental process of such cultural differences. In this chapter, we propose an emerging interdisciplinary field - developmental cultural neuroscience - at the intersection of developmental psychology, cross-cultural psychology, and neuroscience. Developmental cultural neuroscience aims to elucidate how culture affects children's and adolescents' psychological and behavioral adjustment by shaping their brain development. Endeavor in this line of research will not only provide insights into cultural transmission and neuroplasticity, but also set a foundation for future interventions in children's learning and psychological adjustment in different cultures.
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