Developmental differences in the organization and recall of strongly and weakly associated verbal items

Jane L. Rankin*, William F. Battig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


The effect of presentation context on the organization and free recall of high-associate and unrelated words was examined in third-, fifth-, and seventh-grade children. The experiment contrasted (1) sorting a list of high-associate words before unrelated words with sorting under the opposite order of presentation and (2) sorting vs. rehearsal instructions for a list containing a mixture of high-associate and unrelated words. There were age-related increases in the proportion of items recalled, in subjective organization, in the ordering of recall according to previous subject-determined groupings, but not in the clustering of high-associate words. Results are discussed as reflecting developmental increases in the memory organization of unrelated words.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-374
Number of pages4
JournalBulletin of the Psychonomic Society
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1977


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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