Device architectures for enhanced photon recycling in thin-film multijunction solar cells

Xing Sheng, Myoung Hee Yun, Chen Zhang, Al A A M Al-Okaily, Maria Masouraki, Ling Shen, Shuodao Wang, William L. Wilson, Jin Young Kim, Placid Ferreira, Xiuling Li, Eli Yablonovitch, John A. Rogers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multijunction (MJ) solar cells have the potential to operate across the entire solar spectrum, for ultrahigh efficiencies in light to electricity conversion. Here an MJ cell architecture is presented that offers enhanced capabilities in photon recycling and photon extraction, compared to those of conventional devices. Ideally, each layer of a MJ cell should recycle and re-emit its own luminescence to achieve the maximum possible voltage. This design involves materials with low refractive indices as interfaces between sub-cells in the MJ structure. Experiments demonstrate that thin-film GaAs devices printed on low-index substrates exhibit improved photon recycling, leading to increased open-circuit voltages (Voc), consistent with theoretical predictions. Additional systematic studies reveal important considerations in the thermal behavior of these structures under highly concentrated illumination. Particularly when combined with other optical elements such as anti-reflective coatings, these architectures represent important aspects of design for solar cells that approach thermodynamic efficiency limits for full spectrum operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1400919
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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    Sheng, X., Yun, M. H., Zhang, C., Al-Okaily, A. A. A. M., Masouraki, M., Shen, L., Wang, S., Wilson, W. L., Kim, J. Y., Ferreira, P., Li, X., Yablonovitch, E., & Rogers, J. A. (2015). Device architectures for enhanced photon recycling in thin-film multijunction solar cells. Advanced Energy Materials, 5(1), [1400919]. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201400919