We have reported that device based left ventricular (LV) shape change, accomplished by Myosplint, improved LV systolic function by three-dimensional echocardiography (3-D echo). However, evaluation of this device using the pressure-volume relationship is still important. This study was conducted to validate the use of conductance technology for this evaluation in shape-changed hearts. An ex vivo study using excised ovine hearts (n = 11) and an in vivo study using a canine pacing-induced heart failure model (n = 11) were performed. Three Myosplints were implanted. Before and after the shape changes, volumes measured by a conductance catheter were compared with volumes measured by the amount of saline in the ex vivo study or by 3-D echo in the in vivo study. The conductance volumes were linearly correlated with the saline volumes (r2 = 0.961 ± 0.046; p < 0.0001) in the ex vivo study and with 3-D echo volumes (r2 = 0.757 ± 0.220; p < 0.0001) in the in vivo study. The conductance volumes were linearly correlated with LV volumes even in the shape-changed hearts. This technology can be used to evaluate pressure-volume loops in the shape-changed hearts as long as the conductance volume is calibrated by a reliable method.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering