Diagnosis and management of astrocytomas occurring in the posterior fossa

Herbert E. Fuchs*, David G McLone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The posterior fossa is a common site of occurrence of astrocytic tumors in the pediatric population. The two distinct subgroups comprising these tumors are cerebellar astrocytomas and brainstem gliomas. The cerebellar astrocytoma commonly presents with signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. These tumors are generally amenable to total surgical resection, and carry an excellent prognosis. Brainstem gliomas are a hetero¬geneous group of tumors of which the diffuse pontine glioma is the most common. These tumors are inevitably glioblastoma multiforme, and carry a dismal prognosis. In recent years, subgroups of brainstem tumors have been identified, which are more focal in nature, are of a more benign histology, and carry a better prognosis. These tumors may be amenable to surgical resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-178
Number of pages11
JournalNeurosurgery Quarterly
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • Brain tumor
  • Brainstem glioma
  • Cerebellar astrocytoma
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diagnosis and management of astrocytomas occurring in the posterior fossa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this