Diagnosis and management of periurethral cysts

Alvaro Lucioni, David E. Rapp*, Edward M. Gong, Paula Fedunok, Gregory T. Bales

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background/Aims: Periurethral cysts are a rare entity that may be confused with urethral diverticula. The protocol for diagnosis and management of these lesions is still unclear. We present our experience with six patients presenting with periurethral cysts. Methods: From 2001 to 2005 we evaluated six patients with a paraurethral mass. History, physical examination, laboratory and radiographic findings were analyzed to determine factors helpful in mass diagnosis. Cyst excision was performed via trans-vaginal approach in all patients and outcomes of this approach were assessed. Results: Six female patients, average age of 29.7 years, presented with the complaint of a paraurethral mass. Transvaginal sonography was performed in two patients to confirm the presence of a periurethral cyst. Cystourethroscopy in all patients revealed no communication between the cyst and the urethra or presence of other lesions. Pathology revealed a benign cyst in all patients. No cyst recurrence has been seen in any patient. Conclusion: Most periurethral cysts can be diagnosed by physical examination. The diagnosis may be confirmed with transvaginal sonography. Cystourethroscopy should be performed to rule out other pathology, but may be done in the same setting as surgical excision. Complete surgical excision is effective and is associated with minimal risk of recurrence during short-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-125
Number of pages5
JournalUrologia Internationalis
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007


  • Periurethral cysts
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Urethral mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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