Diagnosis and therapy of hyperandrogenism

R. B. Barnes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diagnostic categories in hyperandrogenism include polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its variants, adrenal and ovarian steroidogenic enzyme deficiencies, adrenal and ovarian androgen secreting tumours and other endocrine disorders such as hyperprolactinaemia, Cushing syndrome and acromegaly. About 95% of hyperandrogenic women will have PCOS. Endometrial hyperplasia can be prevented in hyperandrogenic, anovulatory women by the oral contraceptive pill or progestins. Hirsutism is best treated by a combination of the oral contraceptive pill and an anti-androgen. The first line of therapy for ovulation induction is clomiphene citrate, with human menopausal gonadotrophins (hMG) or laparoscopic ovulation induction reserved for clomiphene failures. hMG together with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist may decrease the risk of spontaneous abortion following ovulation induction in PCOS. Weight loss should be vigorously encouraged to ameliorate the metabolic consequences of PCOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-396
Number of pages28
JournalBailliere's Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Hirsutism
  • Hyperandrogenism
  • Obesity
  • Ovulation induction
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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