Diagnosis and treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis

Dale E. Henderly*, Lee Merrill Jampol

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CM V) retinitis is the most common ocular opportunistic infection in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), in whom it may cause loss of vision. The early diagnosis of CMV retinitis depends on patient awareness of often subtle clinical symptoms; screening examinations may be of benefit. Aggressive treatment of the condition is imperative. Ganciclovir administered intravenously has been shown to be effective therapy, but treatment must be continued indefinitely and is associated with a risk of neutropenia. Careful monitoring during treatment is required. Investigational methods of treatment, including intravitreal injection of ganciclovir or use of foscarnet, another antiviral agent, may be of benefit if intravenous ganciclovir therapy must be discontinued.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S6-S10
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume4
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • CMV
  • CMV retinitis
  • Ganciclovir
  • Retinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Virology

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