Diagnosis of von Willebrand disease Type 2N: A simplified method for measurement of factor VIII binding to von Willebrand factor

Connie H. Miller*, Leslie Kelley, David Green

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diagnosis of von Willebrand disease Type 2N (vWD 2N), which mimics hemophilia A and its carrier state, is important for accurate genetic counseling and appropriate therapy. To make testing for the disorder more clinically applicable, we developed a simplified method for measurement of factor VIII (FVIII) binding to von Willebrand factor (vWF) using commercially available reagents and standard clinical assays. FVIII binding to vWF was measured by capture of patient vWF by polyclonal antibodies on cyanogen bromide-activated Sepharose beads, reaction with recombinant FVIII, and assay of unbound FVIII by clotting methods. Unbound vWF was measured in patient plasma after capture by the Laurell method. The ratio of bound FVIII/bound vWF was normal in hemophilia A, vWD Type 1, and vWD Type 3 patients, and abnormal in 5 subjects from two families, all of whom had vWD 2N mutations. Patient 1, with FVIII 8 U/dl, vWF:Ag 61 U/dl, vWF:RC 74 U/dl, and FVIII binding nil, was homozygous for the Arg91Gln mutation. She was followed during pregnancy and delivered an unaffected heterozygous son. Patient 2 had FVIII 8 U/dl, vWF:Ag 73 U/dl, and vWF:RC 71 U/dl, and very low FVIII binding. She was heterozygous for Arg91Gln, as were her mother and sister; no second vWD 2N mutation was found. Her brother, with FVIII 14 U/dl, vWF:Ag 113 U/dl, and vWF:RC 72 U/dl, has no evidence of vWD 2N. With an X-linked inheritance pattern of bleeding tendency, this family is the first reported with combined hemophilia A and vWD 2N.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-318
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1998

Keywords

  • Factor VIII
  • Von Willebrand disease
  • vWF mutations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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