Diagnostic and operative microlaparoscopy: A preliminary multicentre report

F. Risquez*, G. Pennehoaut, R. McCorvey, B. Love, A. Vazquez, J. Partamian, P. Rebon, E. Lucena, A. Audebert, E. Confino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microlaparoscopes have been evaluated for minimally invasive laparoscopy using minimal anaesthesia or analgesia since our preliminary report on microlaparoscopy in 1993. This international multicentre report of safety and efficacy of diagnostic and operative microlaparoscopy was completed to evaluate the role of microlaparoscopy in a wide spectrum of gynaecological indications, diagnoses of pelvic and tubal disease, tubal occlusion and assisted reproduction. A total of 408 patients from seven centres around the world were included in this report. Of the 164 patients who underwent microlaparoscopy under local analgesia only three patients (1.8%) converted to i.v. sedation because of pain intolerance. All 71 patients who underwent microlaparoscopy under i.v. sedation as planned tolerated the procedure with acceptable pain level perception. Only one abdominal wall minor bleeding and one uterine wall minor bleeding were recorded in the remaining 173 patients who underwent microlaparoscopy under general anaesthesia. Visualization of the pelvic organs was sufficient in all 408 cases for diagnosis and treatment of selected pelvic pathology. We concluded, based on this sizeable microlaparoscopy series, that this outpatient procedure can replace large diameter laparoscopy for diagnosis and treatment of various pelvic conditions. Microlaparoscopy can safely replace large diameter laparoscopy in motivated patients who require minor operative procedures such as tubal occlusion, minor adhesiolysis, tubal gamete or embryo transfers and fulguration of endometriotic implants. This series demonstrated that operative microlaparoscopy can be carried out under general anaesthesia, reducing to nil the potential damage of a large diameter tracer. Future improvements in i.v. sedation in combination with i.p. local anaesthesia will potentially eliminate the need for general anaesthesia in some of the patients undergoing minor operative microlaparoscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1645-1648
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Diagnostic and operative microlaparoscopy
  • Local anaesthesia
  • Multicentre study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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