Diagnostic use of IDH1/2 mutation analysis in routine clinical testing of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded glioma tissues

Craig Horbinski, Julia Kofler, Lindsey M. Kelly, Geoffrey H. Murdoch, Marina N. Nikiforova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase enzyme isoforms 1 (IDH1) and 2 (IDH2) have been identified in many adult astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas. These mutations are targeted to specific codons (e.g. R132 in IDH1 and R172 in IDH2), making assays to detect them in clinical specimens feasible. We describe a simple and accurate molecular assay for detection of IDH1/2 mutations on routine formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues. Using this polymerase chain reaction-based assay, we tested 75 glial neoplasms and 57 nonneoplastic conditions that can mimic gliomas including radiation changes, viral infections, and infarcts. Of the gliomas, 37 (49%) were positive for IDH1 or IDH2 mutations; the most common mutation was IDH1 (97%). Two of 12 gangliogliomas were positive for IDH1 mutation, and both had unfavorable clinical outcomes (p < 0.03). None of the nonneoplastic cases were positive for IDH mutations. The assay detected IDH mutations in biopsy material containing mostly glioma and in concomitant near-miss stereotactic core biopsies that were otherwise equivocal for the presence of glioma by light microscopy. These results indicate that testing for IDH1/2 mutations can be effectively performed in a clinical setting and can enhance the accuracy of diagnosis of gliomas when traditional diagnostic methods are not definitive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1319-1325
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Volume68
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Ganglioglioma
  • Glioma
  • Isocitrate dehydrogenase
  • Molecular genetics
  • Paraffin sections
  • Pediatric oligodendroglioma
  • Stereotactic biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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