Diagnostic Yield of Genetic Testing for Ocular and Oculocutaneous Albinism in a Diverse United States Pediatric Population

Kyle S. Chan, Brenda L. Bohnsack, Alexander Ing, Andy Drackley, Valerie Castelluccio, Kevin X. Zhang, Hanta Ralay-Ranaivo, Jennifer L. Rossen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The diagnostic yield of genetic testing for ocular/oculocutaneous albinism (OA/OCA) in a diverse pediatric population in the United States (U.S.) is unclear. Phenotypes of 53 patients who presented between 2006–2022 with OA/OCA were retrospectively correlated with genetic testing results. Genetic diagnostic yield was defined as detection of pathogenic/likely pathogenic variant(s) matching the anticipated inheritance for that gene–disease relationship. Variant reclassifications of those with variants of uncertain significance (VUS) and without positive diagnostic yield were completed. Overall initial genetic diagnostic yield of OA/OCA was 66%. There was no significant difference (p = 0.59) between race and ethnicities (Black (78%), White (59%), Hispanic/Latino (64%)); however, the diagnostic yield of OA (33%) was significantly lower (p = 0.007) than OCA (76%). Causative variants in OCA2 (28%) and TYR (20%) were most common. Further, Hermansky–Pudlak syndrome variants were identified in 9% of patients. Re-classification of VUS in non-diagnostic cases resulted in genetic diagnoses for 29% of individuals and increased overall diagnostic yield to 70% of all subjects. There is a high diagnostic yield of genetic testing of patients overall with OA/OCA in a diverse U.S. based pediatric population. Presence or absence of cutaneous involvement of albinism significantly affects genetic diagnostic yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number135
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • diagnostic yield
  • ocular albinism
  • oculocutaneous albinism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics


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