Dictyostelium discoideum myosin: isolation and characterization of cDNAs encoding the regulatory light chain.

S. R. Tafuri*, A. M. Rushforth, E. R. Kuczmarski, R. L. Chisholm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphorylation of the regulatory light chains (RMLC) of nonmuscle myosin can increase the actin-activated ATPase activity and filament formation. Little is known about these regulatory mechanisms and how the RMLC are involved in ATP hydrolysis. To better characterize the nonmuscle RMLC, we isolated cDNAs encoding the Dictyostelium RMLC. Using an antibody specific for the RMLC, we screened a lambda gt11 expression library and obtained a 200-base-pair clone that encoded a portion of the RMLC. The remainder of the sequence was obtained from two clones identified by DNA hybridization, using the 200-base-pair cDNA. The composite RMLC cDNA was 645 nucleotides long. It contained 60 base pairs of 5' untranslated, 483 bases of coding, and 102 base pairs of 3' untranslated sequence. The amino acid sequence predicted an 18,300-dalton protein that shares 42% amino acid identity with Dictyostelium calmodulin and 30% identity with the chicken skeletal myosin RMLC. This sequence contained three regions that were similar to the E-F hand calcium-binding domains found in calmodulin, troponin C, and other myosin light chains. A sequence similar to the phosphorylation sequence found in chicken gizzard and skeletal myosin light chains was found at the amino terminus. Genomic Southern blot analysis suggested that the Dictyostelium genome contains a single gene encoding the RMLC. Analysis of RMLC expression patterns during Dictyostelium development indicated that accumulation of this mRNA increases just before aggregation and again during culmination. This pattern is similar to that obtained for the Dictyostelium essential myosin light chain and suggests that expression of the two light chains is coordinated during development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3073-3080
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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