Dielectric spherical particle on an interface in an applied electric field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Here we study the force due to an applied electric field on a spherical particle trapped at a planar interface. Electric fields applied in either a normal or tangential direction to the interface are investigated. The electric potential is found by using the Mehler-Fock integral transform, which reduces the problem to a system of Fredholm integral equations. These equations are solved numerically and asymptotically. The force on an isolated particle is identified numerically, while the far-field interaction force between two particles is identified asymptotically. Solutions are presented as a function of the ratio of the dielectric constants, the conductivities, and the contact angle of the particle with the interface. We show that, at leading order, the interaction between perfect dielectric particles is dominated by the induced dipoles and hence is repulsive. For leaky dielectric particles the induced quadrupole can become significant, and the interaction force can be either attractive or repulsive depending on material parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-875
Number of pages26
JournalSIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Electric Field
Electric fields
Integral equations
Contact angle
Permittivity
Electric potential
Interaction
Contact Angle
Electric Potential
Dielectric Constant
Fredholm Integral Equation
Integral Transform
Far Field
Dipole
Conductivity

Keywords

  • Electric fields
  • Multipole expansions
  • Particle interactions
  • Transform methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

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abstract = "Here we study the force due to an applied electric field on a spherical particle trapped at a planar interface. Electric fields applied in either a normal or tangential direction to the interface are investigated. The electric potential is found by using the Mehler-Fock integral transform, which reduces the problem to a system of Fredholm integral equations. These equations are solved numerically and asymptotically. The force on an isolated particle is identified numerically, while the far-field interaction force between two particles is identified asymptotically. Solutions are presented as a function of the ratio of the dielectric constants, the conductivities, and the contact angle of the particle with the interface. We show that, at leading order, the interaction between perfect dielectric particles is dominated by the induced dipoles and hence is repulsive. For leaky dielectric particles the induced quadrupole can become significant, and the interaction force can be either attractive or repulsive depending on material parameters.",
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Dielectric spherical particle on an interface in an applied electric field. / Hu, Yi; Vlahovska, Petia; Miksis, Michael J.

In: SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, Vol. 79, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 850-875.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Here we study the force due to an applied electric field on a spherical particle trapped at a planar interface. Electric fields applied in either a normal or tangential direction to the interface are investigated. The electric potential is found by using the Mehler-Fock integral transform, which reduces the problem to a system of Fredholm integral equations. These equations are solved numerically and asymptotically. The force on an isolated particle is identified numerically, while the far-field interaction force between two particles is identified asymptotically. Solutions are presented as a function of the ratio of the dielectric constants, the conductivities, and the contact angle of the particle with the interface. We show that, at leading order, the interaction between perfect dielectric particles is dominated by the induced dipoles and hence is repulsive. For leaky dielectric particles the induced quadrupole can become significant, and the interaction force can be either attractive or repulsive depending on material parameters.

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