Nanowire (NW) assembly is currently of great interest, partly because NWs are considered as a fundamental component in the fabrication of a variety of devices. A powerful method has been developed to model the assembly of NWs. The three-dimensional dielectrophoretic (DEP) assembly of NWs across opposing electrodes is, for the first time, comprehensively studied using this new method. It is found that the DEP force reaches a maximum when the ratio of gap size to NW length is in the range 0.85-1.0. Both the magnitude and sign of the DEP torque on each NW varies with this ratio, and also with the orientation angle and the geometry and configuration of the electrode. The simulation of the dynamic assembly of individual and bundled NWs agrees with experiment. This method is of sufficient power that it will be of direct use in modeling DEP-based assembly and thus the manufacturing of nanoelectronic devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry