The association of obesity and hypertension is well recognized. Although the frequency of hypertension in obese subjects varies depending upon the age, race, and sex of the population studied, as well as the definitions employed for 'hypertension' and 'obesity", several reports suggest that as many as 50 to 60 percent of overweight people have high blood pressure [1, 2]. Hypertension, more importantly, is probably the major factor accounting for increased cardiovascular disease in the obese [3, 4]. Despite the importance of the clinical problem, the fundamental nature of the association between obesity and hypertension has been obscure. Recent epidemiological and physiological studies, however, suggest that insulin and the sympathetic nervous system may be involved, and that the hypertension of obesity may be the unfortunate by-product of mechanisms that establish energy balance and limit weight gain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Dec 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas