Differences between Neandertal and modern human infant and child growth models

Jesús A. Martín-González, Ana Mateos*, Idoia Goikoetxea, William R. Leonard, Jesús Rodríguez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Studying the emergence of distinctive human growth patterns is essential to understanding the evolution of our species. The large number of Neandertal fossils makes this species the best candidate for a comparative study of growth patterns in archaic and modern humans. Here, Neandertal height growth during infancy and early childhood is described using a mathematical model. Height growth velocities for individuals five years old or younger are modelled as age functions based on different estimates of height and age for a set of ten Neandertal infants and children. The estimated heights of each Neandertal individual are compared with those of two modern human populations based on longitudinal and cross-sectional data. The model highlights differences in growth velocity during infancy (from the age of five months onward). We find that statural growth in Neandertal infants is much slower than that seen in modern humans, Neandertal growth is similar to modern humans at birth, but decreases around the third or fourth month. The markedly slower growth rates of Neandertal infants may be attributable to ontogenetic constraints or to metabolic stress, and contribute to short achieved adult stature relative to modern humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-149
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Human Evolution
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2012


  • Early childhood
  • Growth models
  • Homo neanderthalensis
  • Homo sapiens
  • Infancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Anthropology


Dive into the research topics of 'Differences between Neandertal and modern human infant and child growth models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this