Background: The demand for conversion of prior hip surgery to total hip arthroplasty (conversion THA) is likely to increase as a function of increasing US hip fracture burden in addition to its application in managing other conditions. Thus, outcome analysis is warranted to better inform value-based reimbursement schemes in the era of bundled payments. Methods: Via Current Procedural Terminology codes, the National Surgical Quality Improvement Project data files were queried for all patients who underwent primary THA and conversion of previous hip surgery to THA from 2005 to 2014. To better understand the isolated effect of procedure type on adverse outcomes, primary and conversion cohorts were then propensity-score matched via logistic regression modeling. Comparisons of the study's primary outcomes were drawn between matched cohorts. Statistical significance was defined by a P-value less than or equal to .05. Results: Relative to the primary THA group, the conversion THA group had statistically greater rates of Center Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) complications (7.5% vs 4.5%), non-home bound discharge (19.6% vs 14.7%), and longer length of hospital stay. Conversion THA was associated with increased likelihood of CMS complications (odds ratio 1.68, confidence interval 1.39-2.02) and non-home bound discharge (odds ratio 1.41, confidence interval 1.25-1.58). No statistically significant differences in mortality and readmission were detected. Conclusion: The elevated risk for CMS-reported complications, increased length of hospital stay, and non-home bound discharge seen in our study of conversion THA indicates that it is dissimilar to elective primary THA and likely warrants consideration for modified treatment within the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement structure in a manner similar to THA for fracture.
- Conversion total hip arthroplasty
- Primary total hip
- Propensity score matching
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine