Differences in Public Perceptions and Leaders Perceptions on Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Development

Jessica Crowe*, Tony James Silva, Ryan G. Ceresola, Amanda Buday, Charles Leonard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

New technologies and rising energy prices have resulted in many energy companies investing significant amounts of capital in rural America. Much of the recent focus of energy companies has been on the development of shale oil and natural gas. We examine the differences in levels of support and opposition to shale oil and gas development, building on the literatures of the growth-machine coalition, polluter-industrial complex, and environmental justice. Specifically, we examine different frames of shale development held by government leaders and the public who reside above the New Albany shale play in Southern Illinois and Northwest Kentucky. Using a combination of interview, survey, and participant observation data, we find that government officials emphasize economic growth and many support shale development. While most government leaders claimed that there was not a major division in their communities about shale development, we found the public to be split, with a large countercoalition to shale development in existence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-463
Number of pages23
JournalSociological Perspectives
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2015

Keywords

  • environmental justice
  • frame analysis
  • growth machine
  • hydraulic fracturing
  • shale development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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