Differential contributions of Ca2+-activated K+ channels and Na+/K+-ATPases to the generation of the slow afterhyperpolarization in CA1 pyramidal cells

Manindra Nath Tiwari, Sandesh Mohan, Yoav Biala, Yoel Yaari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

In many types of CNS neurons, repetitive spiking produces a slow afterhyperpolarization (sAHP), providing sustained, intrinsically generated negative feedback to neuronal excitation. Changes in the sAHP have been implicated in learning behaviors, in cognitive decline in aging, and in epileptogenesis. Despite its importance in brain function, the mechanisms generating the sAHP are still controversial. Here we have addressed the roles of M-type K+ current (IM), Ca2+-gated K+ currents (ICa(K)'s) and Na+/K+-ATPases (NKAs) current to sAHP generation in adult rat CA1 pyramidal cells maintained at near-physiological temperature (35 °C). No evidence for IM contribution to the sAHP was found in these neurons. Both ICa(K)'s and NKA current contributed to sAHP generation, the latter being the predominant generator of the sAHP, particularly when evoked with short trains of spikes. Of the different NKA isoenzymes, α1-NKA played the key role, endowing the sAHP a steep voltage-dependence. Thus normal and pathological changes in α1-NKA expression or function may affect cognitive processes by modulating the inhibitory efficacy of the sAHP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-357
Number of pages20
JournalHippocampus
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • CA1
  • K7
  • KCa3.1
  • pyramidal cell
  • slow afterhyperpolarization
  • sodium pump
  • α Na/K-ATPase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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