Differential regulation of chemokine expression by Th1 and Th2 cytokines and mechanisms of eotaxin/CCL-11 expression in human airway smooth muscle cells

Miho Odaka*, Satoshi Matsukura, Hideki Kuga, Fumio Kokubu, Tsuyoshi Kasama, Masatsugu Kurokawa, Mio Kawaguchi, Koushi Ieki, Shintaro Suzuki, Shin Watanabe, Tetsuya Homma, Hiroko Takeuchi, Kyoko Nohtomi, Robert P. Schleimer, Mitsuru Adachi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells may contribute to the pathogenesis of asthma including airway inflammation and remodeling. We focused our study on the regulation of chemokine expression by cytokines and analyzed the mechanisms of eotaxin/CCL-11 expression in ASM cells. Methods: Human ASM cells were cultured in vitroand treated with IL-4, interferon-γ (IFNγ), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα). Secretion of chemokines into the culture medium was analyzed by ELISA. Expression of eotaxin mRNA was analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Binding of transcription factor signal transducer activator of transcription (STAT) 6 to the eotaxin promoter-derived DNA was analyzed by pull-down Western blot. To assess transcriptional regulation of eotaxin, cells were transfected with eotaxin promoter-luciferase reporter plasmids, and activity was determined by dual luciferase assay. Results: The Th2 cytokine IL-4 preferentially stimulated the expression of the CC chemokine receptor (CCR) 3-ligand chemokines eotaxin, eotaxin-3, and MCP-4. The Th1 cytokine IFNγ stimulated the expression of chemokines IP-10 and RANTES. IL-4 stimulated nuclear translocation of signal transducer activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) and its binding to the eotaxin promoter region. IL-4 activated the eotaxin promoter and its activity was inhibited by mutation of the binding site for STAT6 in the promoter. Conclusions: The Th2 cytokine IL-4 preferentially stimulated the expression of CCR3 ligand chemokines including eotaxin in ASM cells. The transcription factor STAT6 may play a pivotal role in the activation of eotaxin transcription in response to IL-4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-88
Number of pages5
JournalInternational archives of allergy and immunology
Volume143
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Eotaxin
  • Interleukin-4
  • Signal transducer activator of transcription 6
  • Smooth muscle cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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