Differentiation of arginine vasopressin antagonistic effects by selective V2 versus dual V2/v1a receptor blockade in a preclinical heart failure model

Thomas Mondritzki, Peter Kolkhof, Hani N. Sabbah, Mihai Gheorghiade, Chantal Fürstner, Carsten Schmeck, Harald Siedentop, Stefan Schaefer, Hubert Truebel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is increased in patients with heart failure (HF). Its actions are linked to free water reabsorption (V2-) and arteriolar vasoconstriction (V1a receptor). AVP can exacerbate the cardiorenal syndrome with excess fluid retention and afterload increase. Tolvaptan (TOL; selective V2 antagonist) and Conivaptan (CON; dual V1a/V2 antagonist) are two AVP antagonists that counteract the action of AVP with distinct profiles. We investigated the therapeutic effects of CON and TOL in an acute HF model. Mongrel dogs were paced continuously at 220 beats/min. After 14 days, the animals underwent acute testing. Dogs were instrumented to measure cardiac output, blood pressure, pulmonary artery pressure, and left ventricular dP/dtmax. Additionally, during the acute experiments, vasopressin was infused intravenously (4 mU/kg/min) to achieve constant and controlled pathophysiological levels of AVP. Subsequently, animals received either CON or TOL (n = 6; 0.1-mg/kg bolus). There were no significant differences in effect on mean arterial pressure, dP/dtmax, central venous pressure, and urine output between CON and TOL. In contrast, cardiac output increased by 0.15 l/min after CON and decreased by 0.6 l/min after TOL (P < 0.01). Accordingly, the total peripheral resistance increased after TOL by 250 dyn*s/cm5 and decreased after CON by 125 dyn*s/cm5 (P < 0.01). In conclusion, it was demonstrated that in an acute HF model, CON lowered, whereas TOL increased afterload. The results suggest that dual V1a/V2 blockade in the acute HF setting could be beneficial compared with selective V2 blockade. Chronic experiments are needed to determine whether this finding can translate into a sustained clinical advantage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of therapeutics
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • heart failure
  • pharmacology
  • vasopressin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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