TY - JOUR

T1 - Diffusion and reaction in a lamellar system

T2 - Self-similarity with finite rates of reaction

AU - Muzzio, F. J.

AU - Ottino, J. M.

PY - 1990/1/1

Y1 - 1990/1/1

N2 - The evolution of an imperfectly mixed systemmimicked in terms of a distribution of lamellaeis studied. Two reactants A and B, initially placed in alternate striations, diffuse and undergo a reaction A+B2P with intrinsic rate r=kr(cAcB)± Simulations, scaling analysis, and space-averaged (fractal) kinetics are used to study the evolution of the system for different values of ± and kr. For ±=1 and short times, a model based on the dynamics of reaction for a single lamella with infinite neighbors predicts the overall rate of reaction. For ±<2.5, diffusion takes control of the dynamics for moderate to large times, and the kinetic parameters become irrelevant. Under these conditions, critical self-organization determines the behavior of the system, and the spatial structure evolves into a self-similar form that is independent of both kr and initial conditions. En route to scaling, the system undergoes two independent transitions: (i) from intrinsic chemical kinetics control to diffusion control, and (ii) from a system with several characteristic lengths to a system with only one characteristic length; these transitions might occur in any order, depending on controlling parameters. A combination of both short- and long-time regimes gives an efficient prediction for the average concentration of reactants for all times.

AB - The evolution of an imperfectly mixed systemmimicked in terms of a distribution of lamellaeis studied. Two reactants A and B, initially placed in alternate striations, diffuse and undergo a reaction A+B2P with intrinsic rate r=kr(cAcB)± Simulations, scaling analysis, and space-averaged (fractal) kinetics are used to study the evolution of the system for different values of ± and kr. For ±=1 and short times, a model based on the dynamics of reaction for a single lamella with infinite neighbors predicts the overall rate of reaction. For ±<2.5, diffusion takes control of the dynamics for moderate to large times, and the kinetic parameters become irrelevant. Under these conditions, critical self-organization determines the behavior of the system, and the spatial structure evolves into a self-similar form that is independent of both kr and initial conditions. En route to scaling, the system undergoes two independent transitions: (i) from intrinsic chemical kinetics control to diffusion control, and (ii) from a system with several characteristic lengths to a system with only one characteristic length; these transitions might occur in any order, depending on controlling parameters. A combination of both short- and long-time regimes gives an efficient prediction for the average concentration of reactants for all times.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4243870926&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4243870926&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.42.5873

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.42.5873

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4243870926

VL - 42

SP - 5873

EP - 5884

JO - Physical Review A

JF - Physical Review A

SN - 2469-9926

IS - 10

ER -