Dimensions of oppositional defiant disorder in young children: Heterotypic continuity with anxiety and depression

John V. Lavigne*, Karen R. Gouze, Fred B. Bryant, Joyce Hopkins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are distinct dimensions of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) that have been associated with symptoms of other disorders (heterotypic continuity). The present study compared the heterotypic continuity of a two-factor (Pitt-2) model and the three-factor model incorporated into DSM-5 with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Participants were a diverse community sample of 796 children (38.8 % minority, 49.1 % boys) assessed at ages 4, 5 and 6 years. Symptoms were assessed with the dimensional scales of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-Young Child version and the Child Symptom Inventory. Dimensions of both the two- and three-factor DSM-5 models were associated with later symptoms of anxiety and depression. The association, however, was weak when accounting for initial levels of internalizing symptoms: thus there was little evidence for the unique contributions of ODD dimensions to symptoms of subsequent internalizing disorders for either model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-951
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Developmental psychopathology
  • Heterotypic continuity
  • ODD dimensions
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Preschoolers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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