Dimensions of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Young Children: Model Comparisons, Gender and Longitudinal Invariance

John V Lavigne*, Fred B. Bryant, Joyce Hopkins, Karen Gouze

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Identifying the latent structure of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) may have important clinical and research implications. The present study compared existing dimensional models of ODD for model fit and examined the metric and scalar invariance of the best-fitting model. Study participants were a diverse (38.8 % minority, 49.1 % boys) community sample of 796 children. Parents completed the Child Symptom Inventory and the DISC-YC ODD scales at child ages of 4, 5 and 6–7 years. When comparing single-factor (DSM-IV model), two-factor (oppositional behavior, negative affect), and three-factor models (one with dimensions of oppositional behavior, negative affect, antagonistic behavior; a second with dimensions of irritable, hurtful, and headstrong), the two-factor model showed the best fit. The two-factor model showed configural, metric and scalar invariance across gender and age. Results suggest that, among existing models, ODD is best characterized as two separate dimensions, one behavioral and one affective, which are comparable for both boys and girls in these age groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-439
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Developmental psychopathology
  • ODD dimensions
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Preschoolers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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