An improved monomer ink in dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) was used to analyze the nanopatterning of the conducting polymers. After patterning, the nominal monomer ink is converted to its conducting solid-state polymeric form. An appropriate rate to match the operation of DPN was given by optimizing the ratios of the reactants. Excellent response, recovery and sensitivity parameters are exhibited by the miniaturized conducting polymer sensors with light detection ability using the improved ink formula.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)