Dipole re-radiation effects in surface enhanced Raman scattering

Logan K. Ausman, George C Schatz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


In this chapter we use extensions of Mie theory to study electromagnetic enhancement factors associated with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) from molecules adsorbed onto metal sphere array structures, comparing results from the more rigorous dipole re-radiation (DR) expression for Raman enhancement with the commonly used plane-wave (PW) enhancement formula. The DR and PW calculations are based on the T-matrix method for determining optical scattering from multiple spheres. In the PW expression, the enhancement is considered to be equal to the product of the squares of the local electric fields, or for zero Stokes shift, obtained from plane wave Mie scattering. In the DR calculation, the induced dipole in a molecule that is located at the surface of one of the particles serves as a dipole source at the Stokes-shifted frequency that scatters from the particles to define an overall enhancement factor. The SERS enhancement factors are determined for chains of 100 nm diameter Ag spheres and for chains of 100 nm Ag sphere dimers for various sphere and dimer separations and for various chain lengths, with the dimer gap fixed at 6.25 nm. We compare the PW and DR results for two different detector locations, a backscattering configuration normal to the axis of the chain, and a scattering direction that includes the plane of the chain axis, in order to highlight far-field phase interference effects that are incorporated in the DR result but not PW. We find that the DR and PW results have negligible differences for the backscattering geometry, but far-field effects play a significant role in the overall enhancement factor for the non-backscattered location. This demonstrates the importance of including DR effects in the interpretation of SERS experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Mie Theory
Subtitle of host publicationBasics and Applications
EditorsWolfram Hergert, Thomas Wriedt
Number of pages21
StatePublished - Aug 29 2012

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Optical Sciences
ISSN (Print)0342-4111
ISSN (Electronic)1556-1534

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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