Effects of dipyridamole (DP) on Band 3-mediated HCO3--Cl- exchange were investigated in human red cells at 37°C. The kinetics of net HCO3--Cl- exchange were monitored using a stopped-flow rapid reaction apparatus, under conditions in which HCO3--Cl- exchange was rate-limiting for pH equilibration across the red cell membrane. DP was found to be a rapidly acting, potent inhibitor of HCO3--Cl- exchange, with an apparent I50 of 4 μM. DP produced a mixed competitive-noncompetitive inhibition of HCO3-Cl- exchange. Greater than 50% of the inhibitory effect occurred within 20 msec of DP-red cell interaction, consistent with DP binding to an outward-facing site on the cell membrane. Interaction of red cells with DP was associated with a pH-dependent decrement in the equilibrium Donnan H+ ratio. Because HCO3--Cl- exchange is crucial in vivo for ensuing rapid pH equilibration across the red cell membrane, these effects of DP may have important implications, particularly in the development of high-dose DP regimes for use as an adjunctive agent in cancer chemotherapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine