Direct Butane Utilization on Ni-(Y2O3)0.08(ZrO2)0.92-(Ce0.9Gd0.1)O1.95 Composite Anode-Supported Microtubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Hirofumi Sumi*, Toshiaki Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki Shimada, Koichi Hamamoto, Toshio Suzuki, Scott A. Barnett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Nickel-yttria-stabilized zirconia-gadolinia-doped ceria (Ni-YSZGDC) composite anodes were investigated to use butane directly for microtubular solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). It was confirmed that mechanical mixing and sintering at 1400 °C for the YSZGDC composites resulted in the formation of a YSZ-GDC solid solution. The n-butane conversion for the cells with Ni-YSZGDC composite anodes was higher than that with Ni-YSZ anode. However, carbon deposition was observed on the Ni-YSZGDC composite anodes after durability test in n-butane. On the other hand, the performance was stable for the cell with the Ni-GDC anode in n-butane due to no carbon deposition. The Ni-GDC anode has a high electrochemical activity of carbon oxidation. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-293
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2017


  • Gd-doped ceria
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Internal reforming
  • Ni-based anode
  • Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

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