Mitochondrial transport and anchoring mechanisms work in concert to position mitochondria to meet cellular needs. In yeast, Mmr1 functions as a mitochondrial adaptor for Myo2 to facilitate actin-based transport of mitochondria to the bud. Posttransport, Mmr1 is proposed to anchor mitochondria at the bud tip. Although both functions require an interaction between Mmr1 and mitochondria, the molecular basis of the Mmr1-mitochondria interaction is poorly understood. Our in vitro phospholipid binding assays indicate Mmr1 can directly interact with phospholipid membranes. Through structure-function studies we identified an unpredicted membrane-binding domain composed of amino acids 76-195 that is both necessary and sufficient for Mmr1 to interact with mitochondria in vivo and liposomes in vitro. In addition, our structure-function analyses indicate that the coiled-coil domain of Mmr1 is necessary and sufficient for Mmr1 self-interaction and facilitates the polarized localization of the protein. Disrupting either the Mmr1-membrane interaction or Mmr1 self-interaction leads to defects in mitochondrial inheritance. Therefore, direct membrane binding and self-interaction are necessary for Mmr1 function in mitochondrial inheritance and are utilized as a means to spatially and temporally regulate mitochondrial positioning.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Molecular biology of the cell|
|State||Published - Sep 15 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology