We have made the first direct observation of a diffracted x-ray beam that occurs only at an interface in the grazing-angle diffraction geometry. The beam, which is unable to propagate into the bulk of either component of the interface, was detected at the surface of a Ge crystal. A roughened area etched into the surface permitted phase matching to a beam in the vacuum. The diffracted beam that is observed to escape in this configuration shows a wave-vector dependence that cannot be qualitatively explained by purely kinematic models of scattering from rough surfaces.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics