Direct profiling and reversibility of ion distribution at a charged membrane/aqueous interface: An X-ray standing wave study

Jin Wang*, Martin Caffrey, Michael J Bedzyk, Thomas L. Penner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thermodynamic reversibility of ion binding at a membrane/aqueous interface has been demonstrated using variable period X-ray standing waves generated above a gold mirror. The interface consists of a negatively charged and polymerized phospholipid monolayer bathed in a dilute zinc chloride solution. Zinc ion distribution in the diffuse double layer was monitored as the pH of the aqueous medium was titrated from a value of 5.8 to 2.0 and back again to pH 5.8. The ion distribution was modeled by an exponentially decaying function. As H+ concentration increased upon changing pH from 5.8 to 2.0, the amount of zinc in the diffuse double layer (integrated as a two-dimensional projection along the surface normal) decreased from 1.4 × 1013 to 1.0 × 1012 ions/cm2 and the concentration of bound zinc at the surface dropped by a factor of 6.4 from an initial value of 122 mM to a low of ca. 19 mM. Recovery of the pH 5.8 distribution profile was essentially complete upon back-titration from pH 2.0. These results demonstrate clearly that within the experimental error of the measurement ion distribution at the charged membrane interface is reversible upon adjusting the pH of the electrolyte solution which corresponds to altering the degree of protonation and, thus, the net charge on the exposed phosphate headgroups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3671-3681
Number of pages11
JournalLangmuir
Volume17
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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