C. Scott Clark*, Edward J. Cleary, Gilbert M. Schiff, Clavin C. Linneman, John P. Phair, Terrence M. Briggs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


A need exists for assessment of the potential health risks to the public from waters receiving waste discharges. Some insight concerning such risks may be gained from a review of studies of persons exposed on an occupational basis to wastewater, i. e. , those working at wastewater treatment plants and in sewers. The most complete investigation in the literature was a retrospective study of Berlin sewer workers reported in 1954. This investigation revealed less evidence of occupational disease hazards than a number of more limited studies which showed increased antibody levels to leptospirosis, frequent gastrointestinal illness, and increased parasitic infections, such as Endamoeba histolytica, Ascaris lumbricoides, and Trichurus trichiura. Studies on airborne transmission from wastewater have thus far focused on bacterial levels near waste treatment facilities and not on health effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-388
Number of pages14
JournalASCE J Environ Eng Div
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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