Disparities in Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcomes of Peripheral Artery Disease: JACC Scientific Statement

Mary M. McDermott*, Karen J. Ho, Olamide Alabi, Michael H. Criqui, Philip Goodney, Naomi Hamburg, Demetria M. McNeal, Amy Pollak, Kim G. Smolderen, Marc Bonaca

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Disparities by sex, race, socioeconomic status, and geography exist in diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes for people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). PAD prevalence is similar in men and women, but women have more atypical symptoms and undergo lower extremity revascularization at older ages compared to men. People who are Black have an approximately 2-fold higher prevalence of PAD, compared to people who are White and have more atypical symptoms, greater mobility loss, less optimal medical care, and higher amputation rates. Although fewer data are available for other races, people with PAD who are Hispanic have higher amputation rates than White people. Rates of amputation also vary by geography in the United States, with the highest rates of amputation in the southeastern United States. To improve PAD outcomes, intentional actions to eliminate disparities are necessary, including clinician education, patient education with culturally appropriate messaging, improved access to high-quality health care, science focused on disparity elimination, and health policy changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2312-2328
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 12 2023


  • PAD
  • disparities
  • peripheral artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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