Disparities in Hip Arthroplasty Outcomes: Results of a Statewide Hospital Registry From 2016 to 2018

Joseph A. Weiner, Akash H. Adhia, Joe M. Feinglass, Linda I. Suleiman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In November 2019, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services announced total hip arthroplasty (THA) will be removed from the inpatient-only list. This may lead to avoidance of patients who have prolonged hospitalizations and discharge to skilled nursing facilities or push providers to unsafely push patients to outpatient surgery centers. Disparities in hip arthroplasty may worsen as patients are “risk stratified” preoperatively to minimize cost outliers. We aimed to evaluate which patient characteristics are associated with extended length of stay (eLOS)—greater than 2 days—and nonhome discharge in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty. Methods: The Illinois COMPdata administrative database was queried for THA admissions from January 2016 to June 2018. Variables included age, sex, race and ethnicity, median household income, Illinois region, insurance status, principal diagnosis, Charlson comorbidity index, obesity, discharge disposition, and LOS. Hospital characteristics included bundled payment participation and arthroplasty volume. Using multiple Poisson regression, we examined the association between these factors and the likelihood of nonhome discharge and eLOS. Results: There were 41,832 THA admissions from January 2016 to June 2018. A total of 36% had LOS greater than 2 midnights and 25.3% of patients had nonhome discharges. Female patients, non-Hispanic black patients, patients older than 75, obese patients, Medicaid or uninsured status, Charlson comorbidity index > 3, and hip arthroplasty for fracture were associated with increased risk of eLOS and/or nonhome discharge (P < .05). Conclusion: With the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services emphasis on cost containment, patients at risk of extended stay or nonhome discharge may be deemed “high risk” and have difficulty accessing arthroplasty care. These are potentially vulnerable groups during the transition to the bundled payment model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1776-1783.e1
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Illinois
  • bundled payments
  • disparities
  • inpatient-only list
  • outcomes
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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