Objective: Use of effective contraception could be one method to decrease recurrent preterm birth by increasing intervals between pregnancies. We assessed correlates of contraceptive counseling and uptake among women who delivered preterm. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of women who delivered live-born singletons or twins before 32 weeks' gestation. We assessed documented contraceptive counseling and method uptake by postpartum discharge, using inpatient medical records, and correlates of highly effective contraception uptake by the postpartum visit using outpatient records. Results: Of 594 eligible women, 44.6% (n = 265) had documented inpatient contraceptive counseling, but only 21.4% (n = 127) left the hospital using a World Health Organization (WHO) tier 1 or 2 method. Women who were younger, non-Hispanic black, multiparous, and delivered at earlier gestational ages were more likely to have inpatient counseling documented. Compared with women with private insurance, women with public insurance were more likely to have documented counseling (22.8% vs. 87.5%, p < 0.001; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 9.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.31-17.2) and to uptake a WHO tier 1 or 2 method as an inpatient (5.8% vs. 52.0%, p < 0.001; aOR 9.51, 95% CI 4.78-18.9). Of the 175 women with outpatient records available who attended a postpartum visit, only 54.9% (n = 96) adopted a WHO tier 1 or tier 2 method. Conclusion: Although all women in this cohort were at risk of recurrent preterm birth, counseling about contraception after a preterm birth (<32 weeks) was not universal. Women with multiple risk factors for recurrent preterm birth, such as multiparity and public insurance, were more likely to have received documented contraceptive counseling and highly effective contraceptives.
- health disparities
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