Displaying the heterogeneity of the SN 2002cx-like subclass of type Ia supernovae with observations of the Pan-STARRS-1 discovered SN 2009ku

G. Narayan*, R. J. Foley, E. Berger, M. T. Botticella, R. Chornock, M. E. Huber, A. Rest, D. Scolnic, S. Smartt, S. Valenti, A. M. Soderberg, W. S. Burgett, K. C. Chambers, H. A. Flewelling, G. Gates, T. Grav, N. Kaiser, R. P. Kirshner, E. A. Magnier, J. S. MorganP. A. Price, A. G. Riess, C. W. Stubbs, W. E. Sweeney, J. L. Tonry, R. J. Wainscoat, C. Waters, W. M. Wood-Vasey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

SN 2009ku, discovered by Pan-STARRS-1, is a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia), and a member of the distinct SN 2002cx-like class of SNe Ia. Its light curves are similar to the prototypical SN 2002cx, but are slightly broader and have a later rise to maximum in g. SN 2009ku is brighter (∼0.6 mag) than other SN 2002cx-like objects, peaking at MV = -18.4 mag, which is still significantly fainter than typical SNe Ia. SN 2009ku, which had an ejecta velocity of ∼2000 km s-1 at 18 days after maximum brightness, is spectroscopically most similar to SN 2008ha, which also had extremely low-velocity ejecta. However, SN 2008ha had an exceedingly low luminosity, peaking at MV = -14.2 mag, ∼4 mag fainter than SN 2009ku. The contrast of high luminosity and low ejecta velocity for SN 2009ku is contrary to an emerging trend seen for the SN 2002cx class. SN 2009ku is a counterexample of a previously held belief that the class was more homogeneous than typical SNe Ia, indicating that the class has a diverse progenitor population and/or complicated explosion physics. As the first example of a member of this class of objects from the new generation of transient surveys, SN 2009ku is an indication of the potential for these surveys to find rare and interesting objects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL11
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume731
Issue number1 PART II
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (SN 2009ku)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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