Disruption of Sag/Rbx2/Roc2 induces radiosensitization by increasing ROS levels and blocking NF-κB activation in mouse embryonic stem cells

Mingjia Tan, Yueming Zhu, Jordan Kovacev, Yongchao Zhao, Zhen Qiang Pan, Douglas R. Spitz, Yi Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

SAG (sensitive to apoptosis gene; also known as RBX2 or ROC2) is a dual-function protein with antioxidant activity when acting alone or E3 ligase activity when complexed with other components of SCF (Skp1, cullins, F-box proteins) E3 ubiquitin ligases. SAG acts as a survival protein to inhibit apoptosis induced by a variety of stresses. Our recent work showed that SAG siRNA silencing sensitized cancer cells to radiation but the mechanism responsible remains elusive. Here we report that complete elimination of Sag expression via a gene-trapping strategy significantly sensitized mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells to radiation, with a sensitizing enhancement rate of 1.5-1.6. Radiosensitization was associated with increased steady-state levels of intracellular ROS (including superoxide) 24h after irradiation as well as enhancement of radiation-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, Sag elimination abrogated IκBα degradation leading to inhibition of NF-κB activation. Further detailed analysis revealed that IκBα is a direct substrate of SAG-SCFβ-TrCP E3 ubiquitin ligase. Taken together, these results support the hypothesis that Sag elimination via gene disruption sensitizes ES cells to radiation-induced cell killing by mechanisms that involve increased steady-state levels of ROS and decreased activation of NF-κB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)976-983
Number of pages8
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • E3 ligase
  • Free radicals
  • NF-κB
  • Protein ubiquitination
  • Radiosensitization
  • ROS
  • SAG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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